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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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the Underground Army had been summoned to a special meeting and3
on arrival., immediately subjected to the same treatment. Units of the
Home Army which had struck at the Germans in Kock and Lubartow
near Lublin and occupied those two towns, suffered a similar fate on
the entry of the Red troops.
" From July 27 onwards/' ran the communique of the Government's
Delegate in Warsaw, " the Soviet authorities commenced disarming
every detachment of the Underground Army which, having fought the
Germans in Lublin and its neighbourhood, had come into the open and
tried to co-operate in a friendly manner with the Red Army. Some
officers and men were arrested and transferred to Majdanek, the notorious
concentration camp set up by the Germans for the specific purpose of
exterminating Jews. The staffs of the 8th and 9th Infantry Divisions of
the Home Army with General Halka, as well as some 200 officers and
N.C.Q.S;, together with 2,500 men, have already been sent there. The
District Commander of the Home Army, Edward, and the head of the
local Underground Administration,, Cholewa, have been interned.
fc In the region of Sandomierz and in the other Polish territories west
of the so-called Curzon Line, the disarming of the Polish Home Forces
is being methodically pursued.
" On August 17 in Tarnopol, all men between the ages of 18—50 have
been deported by the Soviet authorities.
*8 On August 20, at Toinaszow, in the province of Lublin, the Soviet
authorities have arrested and deported to an unknown destination, the
head of the local Underground Administration and his staff. Conscrip-
tion for Berling's Army is being carried out under compulsion.
" On August 21, in Biala Podlaska, the Soviet authorities have arrested
and deported the Commander of the 34th Infantry Regiment of the Home
Army. The Mayor of the town, Kowalewski, and the district Commander
of the Home Army have also been arrested. All the orders of the * Polish
Committee of National Liberation' are executed by the N.K.V.D. (the
Soviet political police). Mobilisation for the Soviet Army is being carried
out on a large scale."*
Mobilisation was announced in the area of Poland freed from German
occupation by the medium of leaflets printed in two languages—Polish
and Russian—and signed by Marshal Rokossovsky and members of Ms
military Council of the Byelorussian Front, Generals Bulganin and
Teiegin. The leaflets stated that the cc right of mobilising those under
obligation to perform military duties, is solely that of the Polish Committee
of National Liberation (Lublin Committee) . . . and on the instructions
of the c Committee * the Command of the Red Army may also carry out
such mobilisation."
* "The Scottish Committee for Polish Freedom" published the text of this
information in full in a pamphlet entitled "The Soviet Communists in Poland"
September, 1944.